City Of Blair
<br />Annual Water Quality Report
<br />For January 1 to December 31, 2018
<br />This report is intended to provide you with important information
<br />about your drinking water and the efforts made by the City Of
<br />Blair water system to provide safe drinking water.
<br />Para Clientes Que Hablan Espariol: Este informe contiene
<br />informacibn muy importante sobre el ague que usted bebe.
<br />Traduzcalo o hable con alguien que to entienda bien.
<br />For more information regarding this report, or to request a hard copy, contact
<br />ALLEN R SCHOEMAKER
<br />If you would like to observe the decision-making processes that
<br />affect drinking water quality, please attend the regularly
<br />scheduled meeting of the Village Board/City Council. If you
<br />would like to participate in the process, please contact the
<br />Village/City Clerk to arrange to be placed on the agenda of the
<br />meeting of the Village Board/City Council.
<br />Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be
<br />expected to contain at least small amounts of some conta-
<br />minants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily
<br />indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about
<br />contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by
<br />calling the EPA's Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).
<br />Source Water Assessment Availability:
<br />The Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (NDEQ) has
<br />completed the Source Water Assessment. Included in the
<br />assessment are a Wellhead Protection Area map, potential
<br />contaminant source inventory, and source water protection
<br />information. To view the Source Water Assessment or for more
<br />information please contact the person named above on this
<br />report or the NDEQ at (402) 471-3376 or go to http://deo.ne.gov.
<br />In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes
<br />regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in
<br />water provided by public water systems. FDA regulations
<br />establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must
<br />provide the same protection for public health.
<br />Sources of Drinking Water:
<br />The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water)
<br />include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and
<br />groundwater wells. As water travels over the surface of the land
<br />or through the ground, it dissolves naturally -occurring minerals
<br />and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up
<br />substances resulting from the presence of animals or from
<br />human activity.
<br />The source of water used by City Of Blair is surface water.
<br />Contaminants that may be present in source water include:
<br />* Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which
<br />may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems,
<br />agricultural livestock operations and wildlife.
<br />* Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can
<br />be naturally occurring or result from urban storm water runoff,
<br />industrial, or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas
<br />production, mining, or farming.
<br />* Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of
<br />sources such as agriculture, urban storm water runoff, and
<br />residential uses.
<br />* Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and
<br />volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial
<br />processes and petroleum production, and can also come from
<br />gas stations, urban storm water runoff, and septic systems.
<br />* Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally -occurring or
<br />be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.
<br />Drinking Water Health Notes:
<br />Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in
<br />drinking water than the general population. Immunocompromised
<br />persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy,
<br />persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with
<br />HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and
<br />infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people
<br />should seek advice about drinking water from their health care
<br />providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen
<br />the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other, microbial
<br />contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline
<br />(800-426-4791) or the Department of Health and Human
<br />Services, Division of Public Health, Office of Drinking Water at
<br />If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health
<br />problems, especially for pregnant women and young children.
<br />Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and
<br />components associated with service lines and home plumbing.
<br />All Community water systems are responsible for providing high
<br />quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials
<br />used in plumbing components. When your water has been
<br />sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead
<br />exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before
<br />using water for drinking or cooking. if you are concerned about
<br />lead in your water, you may wish to have you water tested.
<br />Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps
<br />you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe
<br />Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791), at
<br />http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead or at the DHHS/DPH/Office of
<br />Drinking Water (402-471-1008). '
<br />The City Of Blair is required to test for the following contaminants:
<br />Coliform Bacteria, Antimony, Arsenic, Asbestos, Barium, Beryllium,
<br />Cadmium, Chromium, Copper, Cyanide, Fluoride, Lead, Mercury, Nickel,
<br />Nitrate, Nitrite, Selenium, Sodium, Thallium, Alachlor, Atrazine,
<br />Benzo(a)pyrene, Carbofuran, Chlordane, Dalapon, Di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate,
<br />Dibromochloropropane, Dinoseb, Di(2-ethylhexyi)- phthalate, Diquat, 2,4-
<br />D, Endothall, Endrin, Ethylene dibromide, Glyphosate, Heptachlor,
<br />Heptachlorepoxide, Hexachlorobenzene, Hexachlorocyclopentadiene,
<br />Lindane, Methoxychlor, Oxamyl (Vydate), Pentachlorophenol, Picloram,
<br />Polychlodnated biphenyls, Simazine, Toxaphene, Dioxin, Silvex, Benzene,
<br />Carbon Tetrachloride, o-Dichloro- benzene, Para -Dichlorobenzene, 1,2-
<br />Dichlorethane, 1,1-Dichloroethylene, Cis-1,2,-Dichloroethylene, Trans-1,2-
<br />Dichloroethylene, Dichloromethane, 1,2-Dichloropropane, Ethylbenzene,
<br />Monochlorobenzene, 1,2,4-Tdchloro- benzene, 1,1,1 -Trichloroethane,
<br />1,1,2 -Trichloroethane, Trichloroethylene, Vinyl Chloride, Styrene,
<br />Tetrachloroethylene, Toluene, Xylenes (total), Gross Alpha (minus
<br />Uranium & Radium 226), Radium 226 plus Radium 228, Sulfate,
<br />Chloroform, Bromodichloromethane, Chlorodibromomethane, Bromofonn,
<br />Chiorobenzene, m -Dichlorobenzene, 1,1-Dichloropropene,1,1-
<br />Dichioroethane, 1,1,2,2-Tetrachlorethane, 1,2-Dichloropropane,
<br />Chloromethane, Bromomethane, 1,2,3-Tdchloropropane, 1,1,1,2 -Tetra-
<br />chloroethane, Chloroethane, 2,2-Dichloropropane, o-Chiorotoluene, p-
<br />Chlorotoluene, Bromobenzene, 1,3-Dichloropropene, Aldrin, Butachlor,
<br />Carbaryl, Dicamba, Dieldrin, 3-Hydroxycarbofuran, Methomyl, Metolachlor,
<br />Metdbuzin, Propachlor.
<br />How to Read the Water Quality Data Table:
<br />The EPA and State Drinking Water Program establish the safe
<br />drinking water regulations that limit the amount of contaminants
<br />allowed in drinking water. The table shows the concentrations of
<br />detected substances in comparison to the regulatory limits.
<br />Substances not detected are not included in the table. The state
<br />requires monitoring of certain contaminants less than once per year
<br />because the concentrations of these contaminants do not change
<br />frequently. Therefore, some of this data may be older than one year.
<br />MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level) —The highest level of a conta-
<br />minant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLS are setas close to the
<br />MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.
<br />MCLG (Maximum Contaminant Level Goal) —The level of a
<br />contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or
<br />expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.
<br />AL (Action Level) —The concentration of a contaminant which, if
<br />exceeded triggers treatment or other requirements which a water
<br />system must follow.
<br />MRDL (Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level) —The highest level
<br />of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.
<br />NIA — Not applicable.
<br />Units in the Table:
<br />NO — Not detectable.
<br />ppm (parts per million) — One ppm corresponds to 1 gallon of
<br />concentrate In 1 million gallons of water.
<br />mg/L (milligrams per liter) — Equivalent to ppm.
<br />ppb (parts per billion) — One ppb corresponds to 1 gallon of concentrate
<br />in 1 billion gallons of water.
<br />ug/L (micrograms per liter) — Equivalent to ppb.
<br />pCi/L (Picocuries per liter) — Radioactivity concentration unit.
<br />RAA (Running Annual Average) —An ongoing annual average
<br />calculation of data from the most recent four quarters.
<br />LRAA (Locational Running Annual Average)—An ongoing annual
<br />average calculation of data from the most recent four quarters at each
<br />sampling location.
<br />901" Percentile— Represents the highest value found out of 90% of the
<br />samples taken in a representative group. If the 90th percentile is greater
<br />than the action level, it will trigger a treatment or other requirements that a
<br />water system must follow.
<br />TT (Treatment Technique) —A required process intended to reduce the
<br />level of a contaminant in drinking water.